O.

Only 40% of Gender Based Violence are reported by Palermo, Bleck and Peterman

Globally, the rate of reporting to any sourcewas 39.86%(95% CI: 39.35, 40.37) and ranged from 31.99% (95% CI: 30.91, 33.07) in India and East Asia to 47.64% (95% CI: 45.80, 49.48) in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Globally, the majority of reporting was to informal sources (mean = 36.75%, 95% CI: 36.26, 37.24), with regional means of 28.14% (95% CI: 27.34, 28.94) in LAC, 31.18% (95% CI: 30.12, 32.24) in India and East Asia, 40.35% (95% CI: 39.72, 40.98) in Africa, and 43.14% (95% CI: 41.30, 44.98) in Central Asia and Eastern Europe.

Au niveau mondial, le taux de déclaration à une source quelconque était de 39,86 % (IC 95 % : 39,35 – 40,37) et variait de 31,99 % (IC 95 % : 30,91 – 33,07) en Inde et en Asie de l’Est à 47,64 % (IC 95 % : 45,80 – 49,48) en Asie centrale et en Europe de l’Est. Globalement, la majorité des déclarations ont été faites à des sources informelles (moyenne = 36,75 %, IC 95 % : 36,26 – 37,24), avec des moyennes régionales de 28,14 % (IC 95 % : 27,34 – 28,94) en Amérique latine et dans les Caraïbes, 31,18 % (IC 95 % : 30,12 – 32,24) en Inde et en Asie de l’Est, 40,35 % (IC 95 % : 39,72 – 40,98) en Afrique et 43,14 % (IC 95 % : 41,30 – 44,98) en Asie centrale et en Europe de l’Est.

Tia Palermo, Jennifer Bleck, and Amber Peterman
“Tip of the Iceberg: Reporting and Gender-Based Violence in Developing Countries”
American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 179, No. 5
Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwt295
December 12, 2013

E.

Embarrasment : the most common reason for not reporting GBV by Palermo, Bleck and Peterman

The most common reasons [for not reporting GBV] were embarrassment (25% in Bolivia and 41% in Cambodia) and a belief that there was no use in reporting (47% in Cameroon and 30% in Mali). Other reasons included a belief that violence was a normal part of life that women must bear and various concerns for the well-being of others.

Les raisons les plus courantes [pour ne pas signaler une GBV] sont l’embarras (25 % en Bolivie et 41 % au Cambodge) et la conviction qu’il est inutile de signaler la violence (47 % au Cameroun et 30 % au Mali). Parmi les autres raisons, citons la conviction que la violence est un élément normal de la vie que les femmes doivent supporter et diverses préoccupations pour le bien-être d’autrui.

Tia Palermo, Jennifer Bleck, and Amber Peterman
“Tip of the Iceberg: Reporting and Gender-Based Violence in Developing Countries”
American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 179, No. 5
Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwt295
December 12, 2013

C.

Correlation between marriage and reporting Sexe Based Violence by Palermo, Bleck and Peterman

The robust positive correlation between being formerly married and reporting may be because women experiencing more severe cases of IPV are more likely to seek help and leave the abusive relationship, or because those able to seek help (regardless of severity of abuse) are more likely to leave relationships.

La robuste corrélation positive que nous constatons entre être précédemment mariée et le signalement [ndlr: d’une violence subie] peut s’expliquer par la plus grande gravité des cas de IPV [ndlr: Intimate Partner Violence – Violence du Partenaire Intime] vécues par les femmes qui sont par conséquent plus susceptibles de rechercher de l’aide et de sortir de la relation abusive ; ou bien, celles qui sont plus aptes à rechercher de l’aide (quelque soit la gravité de la violence) sont également celles qui ont le plus susceptibles de quitter des relations.

Tia Palermo, Jennifer Bleck, and Amber Peterman
“Tip of the Iceberg: Reporting and Gender-Based Violence in Developing Countries”
American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 179, No. 5
Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwt295
December 12, 2013